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To Reduce Risk Of Heart Disease, Increase Consumption Of Fruits, Veggies, Fiber

October 1, 2015: 12:00 AM EST
Short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are known to reduce the risk of inflammatory disease, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. SCFAs are produced by bacteria in the gut by fermenting insoluble dietary plant fiber. Which foods best promote SCFA production? For this study, Italian researchers collected a week's worth of daily diet information from 153 adults. They were equally divided into omnivores, vegetarians, and vegans. After analyzing gut bacteria and metabolites from stool and urine samples, the researchers found that the highest levels of SCFAs were found in vegans, vegetarians, and those who regularly followed a Mediterranean diet. But no matter what dietary pattern was followed, high levels of SCFAs were strongly linked to regular consumption of fruit, vegetables, legumes, and fiber.
Francesca De Filippis et al., "High-level adherence to a Mediterranean diet beneficially impacts the gut microbiota and associated metabolome. ", Gut, October 01, 2015, © BMJ Publishing Group Ltd & British Society of Gastroenterology
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